Sinusitis is an inflammation or swelling of the tissue lining the sinuses. Healthy sinuses are filled with air. But when they become blocked and filled with fluid, germs can grow and cause an infection. Conditions that can cause sinus blockage include: The common cold.
Allergic rhinitis occurs seasonally or year-round. Diagnosis involves history-taking, examination of the nasal passages, and sometimes skin testing. symptoms include sneezing, runny nose, and red, watery, and itchy eyes. Antihistamine medications can reduce symptoms.
Middle Ear Infection
Middle ear infection (otitis media) is an ear infection is usually caused by bacteria or viruses. Ear pain and fever are common symptoms. Less commonly, there may be drainage of fluid from the ear or hearing loss. Most ear infections go away on their own. Some require antibiotics.
Tonsillitis is usually caused by a viral infection but can be from a bacterial infection. Symptoms include sore throat, difficulty swallowing, and tender lymph nodes. Treatment can range from home-care remedies to surgical removal.
A thyroid nodule is a solid or fluid-filled lump. Most thyroid nodules don’t cause symptoms. The majority of thyroid nodules don’t require treatment. Treatment options for larger or cancerous nodules, or nodules that produce additional thyroid hormones, may include medication or surgery.
Snoring can have causes that aren’t due to underlying disease. Examples include nasal congestion, anatomic variation of the nose and soft palate, or alcohol consumption.
Laryngeal cancer is a type of head and neck cancer. The larynx includes the supraglottic, glottis (vocal cords), and subglottic. The cancer may spread to nearby tissues or to the thyroid, trachea, or esophagus. … Most laryngeal cancers form in squamous cells, the thin, flat cells lining the inside of the larynx.